The general theme of the research in my laboratory is the role of protein structure in disease, particularly in neurological disease. One area of study is the structure and function of the superfamily of neurotransmitter-gated ion channels that includes nicotinic acetylcholine, serotonin 5HT3, glycine, and GABAA receptors. Members of this superfamily are involved in drug addiction and alcoholism, neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer disease and Parkinson disease, genetic forms of epilepsy, and neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and depression. We are developing new approaches to elucidating the molecular structures of these ion channels from animals and bacteria. Cyclic nucleotide gated channels (CNGCs) are a second area of study. We are interpreting their electrophysiological properties in terms of structure and thermodynamics. Hearing is a third area of study. We are using computational models of calcium and potassium ion channels and mechanotransduction to explain electrophysiological function of cochlear hair cells. Fourth, analysis of genomes and tissue-specific transcriptomes of electrogenic animals (e.g., electric fish) is expected reveal new aspects of lifecycles of ion channels. Explaining neurological diseases in terms of protein structure is a theme linking our neuroscience research with neuropathology, my medical specialty.
- University of Pennsylvania - (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States), Postdoctoral Training 1999
- Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania - (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States), Medical Residency 1991
- M.D. in Medicine, University of Chicago - (Chicago, Illinois, United States) 1989
- Ph.D. in Biophysics and Theoretical Biology, University of Chicago - (Chicago, Illinois, United States) 1987
- B.A. in Chemistry, Northwestern University - (Evanston, Illinois, United States) 1981
- Maxwell, S. A., Fuchs-Young, R., Wells, G. B., Kapler, G. M., Conover, G. M., Green, S., ... Huston, D. P. (2022). Guiding Preclinical Medical Students in Finding, Synthesizing, and Communicating Translational Basic Research Literature: Roles for Basic Science Research Mentors. Academic Medicine. 97(5), 684-688.
- Traeger, L. L., Sabat, G., Barrett-Wilt, G. A., Wells, G. B., & Sussman, M. R (2017). A tail of two voltages: Proteomic comparison of the three electric organs of the electric eel.. Sci Adv. 3(7), e1700523.
- Traeger, L. L., Volkening, J. D., Moffett, H., Gallant, J. R., Chen, P., Novina, C. D., ... Samanta, M. P (2015). Unique patterns of transcript and miRNA expression in the South American strong voltage electric eel (Electrophorus electricus).. BMC Genomics. 16(1), 243.
- Gallant, J. R., Traeger, L. L., Volkening, J. D., Moffett, H., Chen, P., Novina, C. D., ... Sussman, M. R (2014). Nonhuman genetics. Genomic basis for the convergent evolution of electric organs.. Science. 344(6191), 1522-1525.
- Amici, S. A., McKay, S. B., Wells, G. B., Robson, J. I., Nasir, M., Ponath, G., & Anand, R. (2012). A highly conserved cytoplasmic cysteine residue in the 4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor is palmitoylated and regulates protein expression.. J Biol Chem. (27),
- Lindstrom, J., Anand, R., Gerzanich, V., Peng, X., Wang, F., & Wells, G. (1996). Structure and function of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.. GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE: MOLECULES AND RECEPTORS. Klein, J., & Loffelholz, K. (Eds.), Cholinergic Mechanisms: from Molecular Biology to Clinical Significance. 125-137. Elsevier.
- Wells, G. B., Ricci, A. J., Shera, C. A., & Olson, E. S. (2011). Exploring the Role of Mechanotransduction Activation and Adaptation Kinetics in Hair Cell Filtering Using a Hodgkin-Huxley Approach. AIP Conference Proceedings, WHAT FIRE IS IN MINE EARS: PROGRESS IN AUDITORY BIOMECHANICS: Proceedings of the 11th International Mechanics of Hearing Workshop. 1403(1), 70-75.
- Woch, G., Wells, G. B., Scott, S. P., Bartoli, K., & Tanaka, J. C (2003). Investigating the rod and cone beta subunits of cyclic nucleotidegated (CNG) channels.. BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 84(2), 400A-400A.
- Diethelm-Okita, B., Wells, G., Kuryatov, A., Okita, D., Howard, J., Lindstrom, J., & Conti-Fine, B. M (1998). Biosynthetic and synthetic AChR sequences to study T cells in myasthenia gravis.. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 841(1 MYASTHENIA GR), 320-323.
- WELLS, G. B (1987). ENDOR SPECTROSCOPY OF SPIN-LABELED TRYPTOPHAN METHYL-ESTER SUBSTRATES AND ALPHA-CHYMOTRYPSIN - STRUCTURE AT THE ACTIVE-SITE OF ACYL-ENZYME REACTION INTERMEDIATES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE REACTION-MECHANISM. BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 51(2), A310-A310.