Our research broadly lies in understanding how organisms respond and adapt to changing environments, with an emphasis on circadian biology. Organisms from bacteria to humans use circadian clocks to control a plethora of biochemical, physiological and behavioral rhythms. These clocks are synchronized to daily and seasonal environmental changes to allow organisms to tune specific activities at the appropriate times of day or year.
In our laboratory, we use the eastern North American migratory monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) as a model system to study animal clock mechanisms and the role of circadian clocks and clock genes in a fascinating biological output, the animal long-distance migration. Every fall, like clockwork, millions of monarch butterflies start migrating thousands of miles from North America to reach their overwintering sites in central Mexico. During their journey south, migrating monarchs use a time-compensated sun compass orientation mechanism to maintain a constant flight bearing. Circadian clocks located in the antennae provide the critical internal timing device for compensation of the sun movement across the sky over the course of the day. The recent sequencing of the monarch genome and the establishment of genetic tools to knockout clock genes (and others) in vivo using nuclease-mediated gene targeting approaches provides us with a unique opportunity to uncover the molecular and cellular underpinnings of the butterfly clockwork, its migratory behavior and their interplay.
- University of Massachusetts Medical School - (Worcester, Massachusetts, United States), Postdoctoral Training 2013
- Ph.D. in Insect Physiology, Sorbonne University - (Paris, France) 2006
- M.S. in Invertebrate Physiology, Sorbonne University - (Paris, France) 2003
- B.S. in Animal Biology, Sorbonne University - (Paris, France) 2002
- Lugena, A. B., Zhang, Y., Menet, J. S., & Merlin, C. (2019). Genome-wide discovery of the daily transcriptome, DNA regulatory elements and transcription factor occupancy in the monarch butterfly brain. PLoS Genet. 15(7), e1008265-e1008265.
- Iiams, S. E., Lugena, A. B., Zhang, Y., Hayden, A. N., & Merlin, C. (2019). Photoperiodic and clock regulation of the vitamin A pathway in the brain mediates seasonal responsiveness in the monarch butterfly. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 116(50), 25214-25221.
- Denlinger, D. L., Hahn, D. A., Merlin, C., Holzapfel, C. M., & Bradshaw, W. E. (2017). Keeping time without a spine: what can the insect clock teach us about seasonal adaptation?. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 372(1734), 20160257-20160257.
- Markert, M. J., Zhang, Y., Enuameh, M. S., Reppert, S. M., Wolfe, S. A., & Merlin, C. (2016). Genomic Access to Monarch Migration Using TALEN and CRISPR/Cas9-Mediated Targeted Mutagenesis. G3 (Bethesda, Md.). 6(4), 905-915.
- Merlin, C., Beaver, L. E., Taylor, O. R., Wolfe, S. A., & Reppert, S. M. (2013). Efficient targeted mutagenesis in the monarch butterfly using zinc-finger nucleases. Genome Res. 23(1), 159-168.