I am an Integrative Evolutionary Ecologist, meaning that my research addresses a range of fundamental questions in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology from a multi-disciplinary, integrative perspective and using a diverse array of tools including field experiments, phylogenetically-rooted comparative statistical analyses, quantitative estimates of physiological performance, experimental analyses of reproductive behavior, and molecular genetics. I often work at the nexus of typically disparate fields of study, for example combining genetic, phylogenetic, physiological and macroecological perspectives in a single analysis of distribution and dispersal (Bernardo et al. 2007). Because multiple causality is inherent in understanding ecological and evolutionary problems, my research emphasizes a strong inference approach that therefore relies on both large datasets and multivariate statistical models to evaluate competing hypotheses. Most of my active work involves vertebrates and insects and other major invertebrate groups.
General areas of interest include: o determinants of range size and position o biodiversity conservation in the face of climate change o detection, and ecological and conservation implications of cryptic speciation and diversity o vertebrate ecology and life history o biology of amphibians and reptiles, especially salamanders and lizards o speciation and evolution of reproductive isolation o evolutionary ecology of body size including its role in species packing and community assembly o clinal variation in life history and physiological traits o comparative animal physiology and physiological ecology especially as they relate to life history variation and range occupation (macrophysiology) o life history evolution o evolution and implications of maternal effects, especially propagule size o experimental ecology
- Ph.D. in Zoology, Duke University - (Durham, North Carolina, United States) 1991
- M.A. in Biology - Ecology & Evolution, University of Pennsylvania - (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States) 1986
- B.A. in Biology, University of Pennsylvania - (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States) 1986
- Figgener, C., Bernardo, J., & Plotkin, P. T. (2019). Beyond trophic morphology: stable isotopes reveal ubiquitous versatility in marine turtle trophic ecology. Biological Reviews. 94(6), 1947-1973.
- Liang, Y., Bernardo, J., Goldman, D., Nõlvak, J., Tang, P., Wang, W., & Hints, O. (2019). Morphological variation suggests that chitinozoans may be fossils of individual microorganisms rather than metazoan eggs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 286(1908), 20191270-20191270.
- Figgener, C., Bernardo, J., & Plotkin, P. T. (2019). MarTurtSI, a global database of stable isotope analyses of marine turtles. Scientific Data. 6(1), 16.
- Means, D. B., Lamb, J. Y., & Bernardo, J. (2017). A new species of dusky salamander (Amphibia: Plethodontidae: Desmognathus) from the Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain of the United States and a redescription of D. auriculatus. Zootaxa. 4263(3), 467-506.
- Bernardo, J. (2014). Biologically grounded predictions of species resistance and resilience to climate change. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 111(15), 5450-5451.
- Bernardo, J. (2009). A critical appraisal of the meaning and diagnosability of cryptic evolutionary diversity, and its implications for conservation in the face of climate change. Climate Change, Ecology and Systematics. (pp. 380-438). Cambridge University Press.
- Wedemeyer, K. R., Bernardo, J., & Plotkin, P. T. (2014). Ecological niches as underlying mechanisms of L. olivacea female alternative reproductive tactics. American zoologist. 54, E366-E366.
- Agosta, S. J., & Bernardo, J. (2014). New macrophysiological insights into old macroecological patterns: energetic constraints on geographic range size in mammals. American zoologist. 54, E3-E3.
- Bernardo, J. (2014). Spatial, phylogenetic, and functional ecological perspectives on aquatic insect thermal tolerance. American zoologist. 54, E17-E17.
- Bernardo, J., Spotila, J. R., & Agosta, S. (2013). Thermal sensitivity of metabolic rates explains range properties: towards a cause-and-effect understanding of climate change vulnerability. American zoologist. 53, E15-E15.
- BERNARDO, J. (1996). Maternal Effects in Animal Ecology. American zoologist. 36(2), 83-105.
- Figgener, Christine (2019-12). Inter- and Intraspecific Variation in Trophic and Spatial Ecology In Marine Turtles: Frequency, Potential Drivers, and Challenges for Conservation. (Doctoral Dissertation)
- Romney, Sherdina Ericia (2017-05). A Species' Trait Based Approach to Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment in North Sea Fisheries Species. (Master's Thesis)