My primary area of interest is the neurobehavioral bases of language over the lifespan. In particular, I am interested in identifying (a) the ways in which cortical pathways for language processing are influenced by systematic differences in early language experience (e.g., bilingualism) and (b) how these pathway differences relate to executive functions over the lifespan (e.g., the robustness of working memory). Health-related effects of cognitive decline cost the health care system millions of dollars each year, but new research suggests that certain kinds of bilingualism may defend the brain from age-related cognitive losses. However, very little is known about the neural substrates that may underlie this defense. The rationale of my research program is that identification of the neural mechanisms associated with different language histories will lay the groundwork for investigating precisely whether and how bilingualism is uniquely associated with a reduction in age-related cognitive decline.

education and training
selected publications
Academic Articles13
  • Hull, R., Tosun, S., & Vaid, J. (2017). What's so funny? Modelling incongruity in humour production.. Cogn Emot. 31(3), 484-499.
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  • Fava, E., Hull, R., Baumbauer, K., & Bortfeld, H. (2014). Hemodynamic responses to speech and music in preverbal infants.. Child Neuropsychol. 20(4), 430-448.
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  • Fava, E., Hull, R., & Bortfeld, H. (2011). Linking behavioral and neurophysiological indicators of perceptual tuning to language.. Front Psychol. 2, 174.
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  • Hull, R., Bortfeld, H., & Koons, S. (2009). Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Cortical Responses to Speech Production.. Open Neuroimag J. 3, 26-30.
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  • Hull, R., & Vaid, J (2022). Clearing the Cobwebs From the Study of the Bilingual Brain: Converging Evidence From Laterality and Electrophysiological Research.. Handbook of bilingualism: Psycholinguistic approaches.. 480-496. Oxford University Press.
  • Fava, E., & Hull, R. (2010). Language Development through a Bilingual Lens. Caldwell, E. F. (Eds.), Bilinguals: Cognition, Education and Language Processing. 201-214. Nova.
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  • Martin, R., & Hull, R (2007). The Case Study Perspective on Psychological Research.. Critical thinking in psychology.. 90-109. Cambridge University Press.
  • Vaid, J., & Hull, R. (2002). Re-envisioning the bilingual brain using functional neuroimaging: Methodological and interpretive issues. Fabbro, F. (Eds.), Advances in the Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism Essays in Honor of Michel Paradis. 315-355. Forum Edizioni.
chaired theses and dissertations
First Name
Last Name
mailing address
Texas A&M University; Psychology; 4235 TAMU
College Station, TX 77843-4235