Deletion of 19 base pairs in intron 13 of the gene for the pro alpha 2(I) chain of type-I procollagen (COL1A2) causes exon skipping in a proband with type-I osteogenesis imperfecta. | Academic Article individual record

Skin fibroblasts from a proband with mild osteogenesis imperfecta (type I) synthesized normal pro alpha 2(I) chains and shortened pro alpha 2(I) chains of type-I procollagen. The type-I collagen that contained the shortened alpha 2(I) chains was thermally unstable in that it was cleaved at 30 degrees C by a mixture of trypsin and chymotrypsin. The mutation generating the shortened pro alpha 2(I) chains was shown to be a deletion of 19 base pairs from +4 to +22 of intron 13 of the COL1A2 gene by sequencing of genomic DNA and allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization. The same mutation was found in the proband's affected father. Probe-protection experiments with S1 nuclease demonstrated that about 88% of the RNA transcripts from the mutated allele were spliced by exon skipping from exon 12 to exon 14 and that about 12% of the RNA transcripts were normally spliced. There was no evidence for use of cryptic splice sites, even though two cryptic splice sites had more favorable statistical scores and delta G degree 37 values than the new site that was created by the mutation and that was used for splicing of 12% of the transcripts into a normal mRNA. Comparison of the results with observations on 17 previously reported mutations that produced in-frame deletions of amino acids from the triple-helical domain of type-I collagen indicated that deletions in the N-terminal half of the alpha 2(I) chain tended to produce milder phenotypes than similar deletions elsewhere in the alpha 1(I) or alpha 2(I) chains.

author list (cited authors)
Zhuang, J., Tromp, G., Kuivaniemi, H., Nakayasu, K., & Prockop, D. J.
publication date
Springer Nature Publisher
published in
Hum Genet Journal
  • Procollagen
  • Base Composition
  • Introns
  • RNA Splicing
  • Base Sequence
  • Exons
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Female
  • Male
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Mutation
  • DNA
  • Adolescent
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
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