EPIDERMAL GROWTH-FACTOR RECEPTOR PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE-ACTIVITY IN HUMAN CELL-LINES ESTABLISHED FROM SQUAMOUS CARCINOMAS OF THE HEAD AND NECK | Academic Article individual record
abstract

Two cell lines established from tumors of the head and neck area at different clinical stages were found to differ in the expression and in the tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. Cell line 183A was derived from an early-stage tumor and cell line 1483 was derived from a tumor that had metastasized to lymph nodes. The 1483 cells displayed a higher plating efficiency and clonogenicity in soft agar, suggesting a more tumorigenic phenotype over the 183A cells. Analyses of EGF receptor levels by using R1 anti-EGF receptor serum indicated that the 1483 cells expressed 5-fold more receptor than did the 183A cells. EGF receptors isolated from each cell line were active for kinase activity in an immune complex kinase assay, using monoclonal R1 anti-EGF receptor antibody. The autophosphorylation activity of both receptors was stimulated by addition of EGF to isolated membrane preparations and intact cells, although the EGF receptor of the 1483 cells was much less responsive to EGF than the receptor from 183A cells. In addition, the 1483 receptor consistently incorporated about twice as much phosphate as did the 183A receptor in an immune complex kinase assay. These data suggest that the basal tyrosine kinase activity of the EGF receptor from 1483 cells may be more active than the EGF receptor kinase from 183 cells.

author list (cited authors)
MAXWELL, S. A., SACKS, P. G., GUTTERMAN, J. U., & GALLICK, G. E.
publication date
1989
published in
keywords
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Head And Neck Neoplasms
  • Phosphorylation
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Kinetics
  • Humans
  • Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Epidermal Growth Factor