Modulation of tumor angiogenesis by stem cell factor | Academic Article individual record

Mast cells accumulate within solid tumors and can release many angiogenic factors, suggesting that they may modulate vascularization of tumors. Stem cell factor (SCF) stimulates mast cell migration, proliferation, and degranulation and therefore may influence mast cell behavior within tumors. We investigated the contribution of SCF to tumor anglogenesis by manipulating its level in mammary tumors. Sense or antisense cDNA fragments of rat SCF were ligated into an episomal expression vector. Ethylnitrosourea-induced rat mammary tumor cell lines were transfected with vector containing either control (no insert, C-P), sense (S-P), or antisense (AS-P) SCF DNA. The functional nature of the transfectants was confirmed by measuring SCF in cell lysates and conditioned media. Immunohistochemical analysis of the tumors induced in Berlin-Druckrey rats by these transfected cells demonstrated that mast cell number and microvascular density were significantly higher in S-P tumors and significantly lower in AS-P tumors, compared with C-P tumors. The expression of yon Willebrand factor, an endothelial cell marker, showed a similar pattern. AS-P tumors were significantly smaller than either C-P or S-P tumors. These data suggest that SCF modulates tumor growth and angiogenesis via the involvement of mast cells.

author list (cited authors)
Zhang, W., Stoica, G., Tasca, S. I., Kelly, K. A., & Meininger, C. J.
publication date
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  • Lymphokines
  • Rats
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
  • DNA, Antisense
  • Female
  • Mast Cells
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Animals
  • Stem Cell Factor
  • Transfection
  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2