Five hundred twenty-one feline serum samples submitted to the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory between Nov 1, 1988, and Jan 31, 1989 were tested for antibody to feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) by use of an ELISA. The prevalence of FIV infection in this population was 11.3% (95% confidence interval: 8.6 to 14.0%). Serologic test results for FeLV were available for 156 of the 521 cats. A significant (P = 0.008) association between FIV infection and FeLV seropositivity was observed; FeLV-positive cats were nearly 4 times more likely to be seropositive for FIV than were FeLV-negative cats. The association remained statistically significant (P = 0.021) after adjusting for age and gender, using multiple-logistic regression analysis.
- Age FactorsAnimalsAntibodies, ViralCat DiseasesCatsFemaleImmunologic Deficiency SyndromesLeukemiaLeukemia Virus, FelineMalePrevalenceRegression AnalysisRetroviridaeRetroviridae InfectionsSex FactorsTexas