Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists induce proteasome-dependent degradation of cyclin D1 and estrogen receptor alpha in MCF-7 breast cancer cells | Academic Article individual record

Treatment of MCF-7 cells with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma agonists ciglitazone or 15-deoxy-Delta 12,14-prostaglandin J2 resulted in a concentration- and time-dependent decrease of cyclin D1 and estrogen receptor (ER) alpha proteins, and this was accompanied by decreased cell proliferation and G(1)-G(0)-->S-phase progression. Down-regulation of cyclin D1 and ER alpha by PPARgamma agonists was inhibited in cells cotreated with the proteasome inhibitors MG132 and PSII, but not in cells cotreated with the protease inhibitors calpain II and calpeptin. Moreover, after treatment of MCF-7 cells with 15-deoxy-Delta 12,14-prostaglandin J2 and immunoprecipitation with cyclin D1 or ER alpha antibodies, there was enhanced formation of ubiquitinated cyclin D1 and ER alpha bands. Thus, PPARgamma-induced inhibition of breast cancer cell growth is due, in part, to proteasome-dependent degradation of cyclin D1 (and ER alpha), and this pathway may be important for other cancer cell lines.

author list (cited authors)
Qin, C. H., Burghardt, R., Smith, R., Wormke, M., Stewart, J., & Safe, S.
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  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Cyclin D1
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Thiazoles
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Ubiquitin
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases
  • Humans
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • G1 Phase
  • Estrogen Receptor Alpha
  • Transcription Factors
  • S Phase
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic And Nuclear
  • Down-Regulation
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Cell Division
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • Receptors, Estrogen
  • Prostaglandin D2