Identifying how organisms respond, why they respond, and to which environmental factors they are primarily responding is integral to understanding how future climate change will affect the modern biota as well as to inform efforts to sustain biodiversity and economically important fisheries.
Shelled organisms, such as molluscs and foraminifera, are abundant and well-preserved in the fossil record and in museum collections of modern specimens. These preserved assemblages allow longer-term perspectives on biotic response and climate change - millennia to millions of years - than is possible in exclusively present-day ecological studies. The fossil record also allows trends in these natural communities to be analyzed before, during, and after changes in climate without needing to wait for the events to occur in real time.
- Laird, J. D., & Belanger, C. L. (2019). Quantifying successional change and ecological similarity among Cretaceous and modern cold-seep faunas. PALEOBIOLOGY. 45(1), 114-135.
- Belanger, C. L., Orhun, O. G., & Schiller, C. M. (2016). Benthic foraminiferal faunas reveal transport dynamics and no-analog environments on a glaciated margin (Gulf of Alaska). PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY. 454, 54-64.
- Konno, S., Asahi, H., Belanger, C. L., Fukumura, A., Gupta, S. M., Kioka, A., ... Suto, I. (2015). Has the Gulf of Alaska been the diatom-rich ocean since Plio-Pleistocene?-IODP 341 Alaska cruise microfossil report. Fossils. (97), 1-2.
- Gulick, S., Jaeger, J. M., Mix, A. C., Asahi, H., Bahlburg, H., Belanger, C. L., ... Swartz, J. M. (2015). Mid-Pleistocene climate transition drives net mass loss from rapidly uplifting St. Elias Mountains, Alaska. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 112(49), 15042-15047.
- Belanger, C. L., & Garcia, M. V. (2014). Differential drivers of benthic foraminiferal and molluscan community composition from a multivariate record of early Miocene environmental change. PALEOBIOLOGY. 40(3), 398-416.