Influence of implant surface characteristics on the initiation, progression and treatment outcomes of peri-implantitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on animal model studies. | Academic Article individual record
abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of implant surface characteristics on the initiation, progression and treatment outcomes of peri-implantitis based exclusively on in vivo investigations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted by two independent reviewers following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to identify animal studies comparing at least two different implant surfaces affected by experimental peri-implantitis, with distinct characteristics and with or without subsequent surgical treatment that aims to arrest disease progression. The parameters evaluated included both radiographic (e.g., marginal bone level) and clinical (e.g., probing depth, bleeding on probing) aspects to determine changes in disease progression and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found among the different implant surfaces during the initiation of peri-implantitis. On the other hand, the progression and treatment outcomes of peri-implantitis displayed statistically significant differences among the different implant systems, with turned surfaces reporting less bone loss during the progression period and greater bone gain after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Implant surface characteristics play a critical role in the progression and treatment outcomes of peri-implantitis. Turned implant surfaces demonstrated the least amount of bone loss after ligature removal and recorded the most favourable treatment outcomes.

publication outlet

Int J Oral Implantol (Berl)

author list (cited authors)
Garaicoa-Pazmino, C., Lin, G., Alkandery, A., Parra-Carrasquer, C., & Surez-Lpez Del Amo, F.
publication date
2021
keywords
  • Review (systematic)
  • Peri-implantitis
  • Alveolar Bone Loss
  • Surface Roughness
  • Dental Implants
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Animals
PubMed ID
34726847
identifier
597922SE
start page
367
end page
382
volume
14
issue
4