My lab's research focuses broadly on the mechanisms, evolution, and consequences of mate choice. The heart of our research program is animal behavior, and we enjoy collaborating with other labs with complementary areas of specialization. The lab's main study system is natural hybrid zones of swordtail fish, centered at our CICHAZ research station, in the Sierra Madre Oriental of Hidalgo, Mexico.
Hybrids between Xiphophorus malinche and X. birchmanni represent a 'genomic collision' between two species with divergent suites of male traits and female preferences, and provide a terrific opportunity to understand both the genomic architecture underlying mate choice and the fitness consequences of novel sexual phenotypes in the wild. Ongoing research centers on a long-term study of natural and experimental hybrid populations, combining evolutionary genetics with morphological, behavioral, and neurobiological approaches to sexual communication. Social and environmental effects on chemical signaling also play a major role in this system. In conjunction with efforts to characterize the genetics of multivariate female mating preferences, we have developed and support anyFish, a new tool for the creation of synthetic animated stimuli for studying visual signals.
I am also involved in a collaborative project on mate choice, life-history evolution, and ecology in the annual killifish genus Austrolebias. Like swordtails, these remarkable little Uruguayan fishes lend themselves well to both field and laboratory work. They are restricted to seasonal bodies of water, where they grow rapidly, reproduce, and die within the space of a few winter months, leaving their eggs to estivate in diapause. These closed systems should allow us to gain a comprehensive picture of the biotic and abiotic environment, and, in concert with behavioral studies of mate choice, how sexual selection changes over space and time.
- University of California, San Diego - (San Diego, California, United States), Postdoctoral Training 2002
- Ph.D. in Zoology, The University of Texas at Austin - (Austin, Texas, United States) 2000
- A.B. in Biology, Harvard University - (Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States) 1993
- Delclos, P. J., Forero, S. A., & Rosenthal, G. G. (2020). Divergent neurogenomic responses shape social learning of both personality and mate preference. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY. 223(6), jeb220707-jeb220707.
- Achorn, A. M., & Rosenthal, G. G. (2020). It's Not about Him: Mismeasuring 'Good Genes' in Sexual Selection. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION. 35(3), 206-219.
- Powell, D. L., García-Olazábal, M., Keegan, M., Reilly, P., Du, K., Díaz-Loyo, A. P., ... Schumer, M. (2020). Natural hybridization reveals incompatible alleles that cause melanoma in swordtail fish. Science (New York, N.Y.). 368(6492), 731-736.
- Rosenthal, G. G., Schumer, M., & Andolfatto, P. (2018). How the manakin got its crown: A novel trait that is unlikely to cause speciation. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 115(18), E4144-E4145.
- Schumer, M., Xu, C., Powell, D. L., Durvasula, A., Skov, L., Holland, C., ... Przeworski, M. (2018). Natural selection interacts with recombination to shape the evolution of hybrid genomes. Science (New York, N.Y.). 360(6389), 656-659.
- Rosenthal, G. G., & Stuart-Fox, D. (2015). Environmental disturbance and animal communication. Wong, B., & Candolin, U. (Eds.), Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences. (pp. 16-31). Oxford University Press.
- Rosenthal, G. G., & Marshall, N. J. (2011). Sensory systems, perception, and learning. Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology. (pp. 692-698). Elsevier.
- Rosenthal, G. G. (2009). Playbacks in Behavioral Experiments. Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior. (pp. 745-749). Elsevier.
- Rosenthal, G. G. (2009). Swordtails and Platyfishes. Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior. (pp. 363-367). Elsevier.
- Rosenthal, G. G., & Lobel, P. S. (2005). Communication. Sloman, K., Balshine, R., & Wilson, R. (Eds.), Behaviour and Physiology of Fish. (pp. 39-78). Academic Press.
- Rosenthal, G. G. (2018). Evaluation and hedonic value in mate choice. CURRENT ZOOLOGY. 64(4), 485-492.
- Squire, M. S., & Rosenthal, G. G. (2014). Mate Choice in a Hybrid Zone: Chemical and Visual Preferences of Male Swordtails. Integr Comp Biol. 54, E199-E199.
- Delclos, P. J., & Rosenthal, G. G. (2014). Nutritional effects on male traits and female mate choice in hybrid populations of northern swordtails Xiphophorus malinche x birchmanni. Integr Comp Biol. 54, E263-E263.
- Jofre-Rodriguez, G. I., & Rosenthal, G. G. (2014). Sexual selection and trait introgression across replicated natural hybrid zones in swordtail fish (Teleostei: Xiphophorus). Integr Comp Biol. 54, E293-E293.
- Powell, D. L., & Rosenthal, G. G. (2014). The fitness effects of early generation hybridization in two northern swordtails, Xiphophorus birchmanni and X. malinche.. Integr Comp Biol. 54, E333-E333.