Circularly permuted LOV2 as a modular photoswitch for optogenetic engineering. | Academic Article individual record
abstract

Plant-based photosensors, such as the light-oxygen-voltage sensing domain 2 (LOV2) from oat phototropin 1, can be modularly wired into cell signaling networks to remotely control protein activity and physiological processes. However, the applicability of LOV2 is hampered by the limited choice of available caging surfaces and its preference to accommodate the effector domains downstream of the C-terminal J helix. Here, we engineered a set of LOV2 circular permutants (cpLOV2) with additional caging capabilities, thereby expanding the repertoire of genetically encoded photoswitches to accelerate the design of optogenetic devices. We demonstrate the use of cpLOV2-based optogenetic tools to reversibly gate ion channels, antagonize CRISPR-Cas9-mediated genome engineering, control protein subcellular localization, reprogram transcriptional outputs, elicit cell suicide and generate photoactivatable chimeric antigen receptor T cells for inducible tumor cell killing. Our approach is widely applicable for engineering other photoreceptors to meet the growing need of optogenetic tools tailored for biomedical and biotechnological applications.

publication outlet

Nat Chem Biol

author list (cited authors)
He, L., Tan, P., Zhu, L., Huang, K., Nguyen, N. T., Wang, R., ... Zhou, Y.
publication date
2021
keywords
  • Optogenetics
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Humans
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Animals
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Female
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Photochemical Processes
  • Mice
altmetric score

46.55

citation count

17