Prevelant theory on justice allows that individual may be motivated by both self-interested and relatively selfless, deontic motivations. However, current theory fails to directly address the role of other oriented motivations. We describe how the theory of other orientation can foster a greater understanding of the process whereby individuals make and react to decisions involving justice. We propose that persons who are higher in other orientation will be less motivated by self-interested concerns (e.g., protect their long-term self-interests; preserve their self-worth) as well as deontic concerns, leading to circumstances where individuals are both unselfish and unjust. We report the findings of seven studies that support our expectations about the dispositional and situational effects of other orientation on persons behavior and reactions to justice. We finish by recommending future research avenues that explore further the role of other orientation in fairness actions and reactions.
The Oxford Handbook of Justice in the Workplace
- Political Science