1'-Acetoxychavicol acetate suppresses angiogenesis-mediated human prostate tumor growth by targeting VEGF-mediated Src-FAK-Rho GTPase-signaling pathway | Academic Article individual record

Cancer therapeutic agents that are safe, effective and affordable are urgently needed. We describe that 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA), a component of Siamese ginger (Languas galanga), can suppress prostate tumor growth by largely abrogating angiogenesis. ACA suppressed vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced proliferation, migration, adhesion and tubulogenesis of primary cultured human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose-dependent manner. ACA also inhibited VEGF-induced microvessel sprouting from aortic rings ex vivo and suppressed new vasculature formation in Matrigel plugs in vivo. We further demonstrated that the mechanisms of this chavicol were to block the activation of VEGF-mediated Src kinase, focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and Rho family of small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) (Rac1 and Cdc42 but not RhoA) in HUVECs. Furthermore, treatment of human prostate cancer cells (PC-3) with ACA resulted in decreased cell viability and suppression of angiogenic factor production by interference with dual Src/FAK kinases. After subcutaneous administration to mice bearing human prostate cancer PC-3 xenografts, ACA (6 mg/kg/day) remarkably inhibited tumor volume and tumor weight and decreased levels of Src, CD31, VEGF and Ki-67. As indicated by immunohistochemistry and TUNEL analysis, microvessel density and cell proliferation were also dramatically suppressed in tumors from ACA-treated mice. Taken together, our findings suggest that ACA targets the Src-FAK-Rho GTPase pathway, leading to the suppression of prostate tumor angiogenesis and growth. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press.

author list (cited authors)
Pang, X., Zhang, L., Lai, L., Chen, J., Wu, Y., Yi, Z., ... Liu, M.
publication date
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  • Male
  • Apoptosis
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Endothelium, Vascular
  • Cell Movement
  • Animals
  • Mice
  • Humans
  • Src-Family Kinases
  • Umbilical Veins
  • Rats
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Signal Transduction
  • Focal Adhesion Kinase 1
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Blotting, Western
  • Rho GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Xanthine Oxidase
  • Cell Cycle
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Benzyl Alcohols
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
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