Considerable research has documented that brief and seemingly innocuous episodes of ostracism cause individuals to feel initial pain, distress, and threatened fundamental needs. How do ostracized groups respond Does sharing ostracism with a cotarget reduce the distress Are groups more aggressive than individuals, particularly if they are ostracized Following a brief inclusion or ostracism experience in Cyberball, either as a solo or as a dyad, participants provided self-reports of need threats and mood during the game, and after a delay that allowed for reflection and coping. In addition, after this delay participants also had an opportunity to aggress. We found that ostracism's initial distressis not mitigated by being in a group. Instead, sharing the ostracism experience did moderate delayed responses. Sharing the ostracism experience did mitigate reflective self-reports of belonging, self-esteem, meaning, control and mood. Moreover, ostracism increased aggression and groups were more aggressive than individuals. © 2012 American Psychological Association.
- Social Impact Theory
- Discontinuity Effect