There is a high prevalence of intra-abdominal adhesions following bowel resection, which can result in chronic pain, bowel obstruction, and morbidity. Although commercial adhesion barriers have been widely utilized for colonic resections, these barriers do not prevent anastomotic leakage resulting from reduced healing of the anastomosis, which can result in long-term health problems. To address this limitation, we have developed an adhesive bilayer wrap with selective bioactivity to simultaneously prevent intra-abdominal adhesion formation and promote anastomotic healing. Reactive electrospinning was used to generate a crosslinked gelatin mesh to serve as a cell-instructive substrate to improve anastomotic healing. A coating of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) foam was applied to the bioactive mesh to generate an antifouling layer and prevent intra-abdominal adhesions. After in vitro confirmation of selective bioactivity, the composite wrap was compared after 2 weeks to a commercial product (InterceedⓇ) in an in vivo rat colonic abrasion model for prevention of intra-abdominal adhesions. The composite bilayer wrap was able to prevent intra-abdominal adhesions when clinical placement was maintained. The composite bilayer wrap was further modified to include tissue adhesive properties for improved efficacy. Preliminary studies indicated that the adhesive composite bilayer wrap maintained a maximum shear strength comparable to InterceedⓇ and greater than fibrin glue. Overall, this work resulted in an initial proof-of-concept device that was shown to effectively prevent intra-abdominal adhesion formation in vivo. The composite bilayer wrap studied here could lead to an improved technology for improved healing of intestinal anastomoses.