A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of intake management and ionophore inclusion on diet utilization under managed intake conditions in beef cattle. Two experiments utilized common diets fed at 120% (H) or 80% (L) of maintenance with either 0 or 200 mg/d monensin in a factorial arrangement. Forty cows were fed for 56 d (Exp. 1) to evaluate effects on diet utilization and energy retention; diets were fed to 16 ruminally cannulated steers (Exp. 2) to determine effects on digestion, energy value, and ruminal fermentation. Cows fed H had greater body weight (BW) gain (P < 0.01) and retained energy (RE; P < 0.01), although estimated heat production was also greater (P < 0.01). Monensin had limited effects on overall BW gain (P = 0.97). Monensin had no effect on RE (P = 0.94) or calculated heat energy (HE; P = 0.53) despite effects on diet utilization observed in steers. In steers, L increased (P < 0.01) digestion of dry matter, organic matter, acid detergent fiber, and gross energy (GE) and reduced (P < 0.01) passage rate; monensin did not affect digestion (P > 0.15) but did reduce passage rate (P < 0.03). Monensin lowered (P < 0.01) acetate:propionate ratio and increased (P < 0.05) ruminal pH. Monensin did not alter feed required for maintenance; however, limit-feeding reduced apparent daily maintenance requirement to 62.85 kcal/kg BW0.75, a 26% reduction from model-predicted values.
- Heat ProductionIntensificationIonophoreMaintenance Requirement