Nanosized α-zirconium phenylphosphonate particles were successfully prepared by the reaction between different zirconium sources and molten phenylphosphonic acid in the absence of solvent. The resultant nanoplates exhibit particle sizes in the range of 15 to 30 nm. The use of a topotactic anion exchange method starting from α-zirconium phosphate instead resulted in the generation of 15 to 180 nm plates, while also resulting in nanoparticles with a higher degree of crystallinity. The topotactic anion exchange of the phosphate groups by phenylphosphonate groups could be performed to completion when performed in molten phenylphosphonic acid. Characterization of both the final products as well as the individual steps in the anion exchange were performed by powder XRD, fast neutron activation analysis, TGA, FTIR spectroscopy, TEM, solid-state NMR and XPS.
- Anion Exchange