Performance analyses of VHTR plants with direct and indirect closed Brayton cycles and different working fluids | Academic Article individual record
abstract

This paper investigated the performance of Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) power plants with helium working fluid and direct and indirect Closed Brayton Cycles (CBCs), and with binary mixture working fluids of He-Xe and He-N2 (molecular weight of 15 g/mole) and indirect CBCs. Also investigated are the effects of using low- and high-pressure compressors with intercooling, versus a single compressor, using bleed cooling the reactor pressure vessel in direct CBC helium plants, and varying the reactor exit temperature from 700 °C to 950 °C on the plant thermal efficiency, cycle pressure ratio and the size of and number of stages in the turbine and compressor. Analyses are performed for a shaft rotation speed of 3000 rpm, reactor thermal power of 600 MW and a temperature pinch of 50 °C in the intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) for the indirect CBCs. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

author list (cited authors)
El-Genk, M. S., & Tournier, J. M.
publication date
2009
publisher
Elsevier bv Publisher
published in
citation count

21