NITRO ANALOGS OF SUBSTRATES FOR ARGININOSUCCINATE SYNTHETASE AND ARGININOSUCCINATE LYASE | Academic Article individual record
abstract

The nitro analogs of aspartate and argininosuccinate were synthesized and tested as substrates and inhibitors of argininosuccinate synthetase and argininosuccinate lyase, respectively. The Vmax for 3-nitro-2-aminopropionic acid was found to be 60% of the maximal rate of aspartate utilization in the reaction catalyzed by argininosuccinate synthetase. Only the nitronate form of this substrate, in which the C-3 hydrogen is ionized, was substrate active, indicating a requirement for a negatively charged group at the beta carbon. The V/K of the nitro analog of aspartate was 85% of the value of aspartate after correcting for the percentage of the active nitronate species. The nitro analog of argininosuccinate, N3-(L-1-carboxy-2-nitroethyl)-L-arginine, was a strong competitive inhibitor of argininosuccinate lyase but was not a substrate. The pH dependence of the observed pKi was consistent with the ionized carbon acid (pK = 8.2) in the nitronate configuration as the inhibitory material. The pH-independent pKi of 2.7 microM is 20 times smaller than the Km of argininosuccinate at pH 7.5. These results suggest that the tighter binding of the nitro analog relative to the substrate is due to the similarity in structure to a carbanionic intermediate in the reaction pathway.

author list (cited authors)
RAUSHEL, F. M.
publication date
1984
publisher
Elsevier bv Publisher
keywords
  • Argininosuccinic Acid
  • Ligases
  • Alanine
  • Argininosuccinate Synthase
  • Argininosuccinate Lyase
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Lyases
  • Arginine
  • Kinetics
citation count

14