Relationship of days in gestation at exposure and development of brucellosis in strain 19-vaccinated heifers. | Academic Article individual record

Heifers injected with 10(8) (n = 40), 10(9) (n = 39), or 10(10) (n = 39) colony-forming units of Brucella abortus strain 19 were conjunctivally exposed to 10(7) colony-forming units of strain 2308 during gestation. At parturition, milk from each quarter of the udder, a piece of placenta, and 2 swab specimens of the uterus from the dam plus a swab specimen of the rectum from each calf were cultured for Brucella. If the calf was dead or died, additional specimens of lung, stomach contents, and a mediastinal lymph node also were cultured. Days in gestation was determined for each heifer, using data from rectal palpation after breeding and crown-rump length and weight of calf at parturition, with the median value used for data analysis. In each vaccine dosage group, the proportion (%) of heifers developing brucellosis increased as days in gestation at exposure increased. Strain 2308 was isolated from 3 (11%) of 26, 16 (25%) of 64, and 18 (64%) of 28 heifers that were grouped as less than 121, 121 to 150, and greater than 150 days in gestation at time of exposure, respectively. Thirty-two (86%) of the 37 infected heifers were less than 260 days in gestation at parturition, and calves were premature. Heifers with premature calves were more likely to be infected, and tissues were more likely to yield multiple isolations of strain 2308, regardless of days in gestation at exposure or of days after exposure to parturition. Days after exposure to premature parturition of infected heifers ranged from 35 to 110.

author list (cited authors)
Crawford, R. P., Adams, L. G., & Williams, J. D.
publication date
  • Female
  • Vaccination
  • Time Factors
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
  • Pregnancy
  • Brucella Abortus
  • Animals
  • Brucella Vaccine
  • Brucellosis, Bovine
  • Cattle
  • Labor, Obstetric
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