Reason and creativity may require free will | Chapter individual record

2018 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. The issue of free will is not so much whether we have any, but how able are we to develop and use the free-will capacity we do have. Free will deniers assert that all willed action is unconscious, and the choices become consciously realized after the fact. But thinking and behavior need not be restricted to rigid and stereotyped thinking. The outcomes of reasoned and creative thinking do not and cannot pre-exist in unconscious mind because they emerge from the real-time conscious processing. Those outcomes are neither pre-ordained nor stereotyped, and they thus reflect the kind of free will that is most relevant to everyday life. For willed action to be free, one must have or create options wherein no one choice is compelled. The choice must be determined by conscious processes, which can make the choice based on reasoning and creativity. Free-will deniers claim that consciousness cannot cause anything, but I remind them of the fact that impulse patterns underlying conscious processes are not isolated from the rest of the brain. Thus, impulses occurring during consciousness must have consequences. The impulse patterns of conscious reasoning and creative synthesis must surely have the capacity to engage other circuitry that drives decisions and implements behavior. This may occur in real time, and a significant degree of free will occurs even if those patterns may have programmed circuitry to create predetermined, stereotypical predilections for future behavior which can be vetoed or modified in real time. That is, we can freely determine some of our own programming.

author list (cited authors)
Klemm, W. R.
publication date