Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration was measured in 11 colostrum-fed (CF) and 8 colostrum-deprived (CD) 2- to 3-day-old foals after foals were infused with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; Escherichia coli O55:B5 endotoxin, 0.5 microgram/kg of body weight in sterile saline [0.9% NaCl] solution). Four CF and 2 CD foals were given saline solution alone. Serum IL-6 concentration was estimated by use of an in vitro proliferative bioassay, using the IL-6 dependent B.13.29 clone 9 cells. Interleukin-6 concentration increased in all LPS-infused foals, and geometric mean serum IL-6 concentration was significantly higher in CF than CD foals 30 and 90 minutes after infusion. Both LPS-infused groups had multiple spikes of mean IL-6 concentration that peaked at 120 minutes in CF foals and 150 minutes in CD foals. Results indicated that IL-6 is produced in neonatal foals in response to LPS infusion. Furthermore, colostrum deprivation resulted in longer times to peak mean serum IL-6 concentration and tended to reduce serum IL-6 concentration in neonatal foals.
- AnimalsAnimals, NewbornColostrumEndotoxinsFemaleHorse DiseasesHorsesInterleukin-6LipopolysaccharidesPregnancy