Nuclear localization of a complex of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1 and an NH2-terminal fragment of FGF receptor isoforms R4 and R1 alpha in human liver cells | Academic Article individual record

FGF ligands and FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1) appear associated with the nucleus in addition to their extracellular and transmembrane locations. After receptor-dependent internalization in liver cells, radiolabeled 16-kDa FGF-1 appears in a 40-kDa covalent complex with a cellular protein. In this report, we show that in a human hepatoma cell line, HepG2, which expresses both FGFR4 and FGFR1, the 40-kDa complex cross-reacts with antibodies against the ectodomain of both types of receptors. In addition to antibody against FGF-1, a polyclonal antiserum against the three immunoglobulin (Ig)-like loop ectodomain of FGFR4 and a monoclonal antibody to a 19-residue sequence in the NH2-terminus of the NH2-terminal Ig Loop I of the three loop splice variant of FGFR1 (FGFR1alpha) reacts with the complex. A monoclonal antibody against an epitope in FGFR1 downstream of the inter-loop I/II sequence which reacts with intact FGFR1 failed to cross-react with the 40-kDa complex. Cell fractionations and indirect immunofluorescent localization revealed that the 40-kDa complex associates with the particulate fraction of cells, particularly the nucleus and associated cytoskeletal elements. We propose that the NH2-terminal Ig-loop of the three loop isoforms of FGFR, which are generally associated inversely with cell growth, may play a role at or in the nucleus in addition to modification of affinity of the FGFR ectodomain for heparan sulfate and FGF ligand.

author list (cited authors)
Feng, S. J., Xu, J. M., Wang, F., Kan, M., & McKeehan, W. L.
publication date
Elsevier bv Publisher
  • Receptor Metabolism
  • Alternate Splicing
  • Signal Transduction
citation count