Characterization of the in vitro responses of equine cecal longitudinal smooth muscle to endothelin-1. | Academic Article individual record
abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the in vitro response of equine cecal longitudinal smooth muscle (CLSM) to endothelin (ET)-1 and assess the role of ETA and ETB receptors in those ET-1-induced responses. ANIMALS: 36 horses without gastrointestinal tract disease. PROCEDURE: To determine cumulative concentration-response relationships, CLSM strips were suspended in tissue baths containing graded concentrations of ET-1 (10(-9) to 10(-6)M) with or without BQ-123 (ETA receptor antagonist); with or without IRL-1038 (ETB receptor antagonist); or with both antagonists at concentrations of 10(-9), 10(-7), and 10(-5)M. To determine the percentage change in baseline tension of CLSM, the areas under the curve during the 3-minute periods before and after addition of each dose were compared. Also, the effects of ET-1 and a combination of selective ETA and ETB receptor antagonists on electrically evoked contractions were studied. RESULTS: ET-1 caused sustained increases in CLSM tension in a concentration-dependent manner. Contractile responses to ET-1 were not significantly inhibited by either BQ-123 or IRL-1038 alone at any concentration; however, responses were significantly inhibited by exposure to the antagonists together at a concentration of 10(-5)M. Electrical field stimulation did not change the spontaneous contractile activity of CLSM and did not significantly alter the tissue response to ET-1, BQ-123, or IRL-1038. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated that ET-1 has a contractile effect on equine CLSM that is mediated via ETA and ETB receptors. In vitro spontaneous contractions of equine CLSM apparently originate in the smooth muscle and not the enteric nervous system.

authors
author list (cited authors)
Chidambaram, R. M., Eades, S. C., Moore, R. M., Hosgood, G., & Venugopal, C. S.
publication date
2005
keywords
  • Peptides, Cyclic
  • Endothelins
  • Muscle, Smooth
  • Horses
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
  • Endothelin-1
  • Cecum
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Animals
  • Muscle Contraction
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
citation count

3

PubMed Central ID
16111159
identifier
229102SE
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
start page
1202
end page
1208
volume
66
issue
7