EFFECT OF MILBEMYCIN OXIME AGAINST ANCYLOSTOMA-CANINUM IN DOGS WITH NATURALLY ACQUIRED INFECTION | Academic Article individual record
abstract

Twenty-six mixed-breed (14 males, 12 females) dogs were used in a double-blind study to evaluate the effect of milbemycin oxime against naturally acquired infection with Ancylostoma caninum. Dogs were ranked and paired, on the basis of number of hookworm eggs/g of feces, and treatment was randomly assigned. Each dog was given either the study drug or placebo (1 tablet/11.4 kg [0.5 mg/kg] of body weight). Eggs per gram of feces enumeration was done on days 3 and 7 after treatment, and dogs were euthanatized on day 7. On day 3, 5 of the 13 dogs in the milbemycin-treated group had hookworm eggs in the feces (results of the McMaster test). In these dogs, mean number of eggs per gram of feces had decreased markedly (from 5,289 to 452) and, by day 7, was 114. At necropsy, 16 A caninum adults were recovered from 2 of the milbemycin-treated dogs. On day 3, 12 of the 13 dogs in the placebo-treated group had hookworm eggs in the feces. Mean number of eggs per gram of feces in these dogs decreased slightly (from 5,243 to 2,646), but did not decrease further by day 7. A mean number of 54.4 A caninum adults was recovered from 12 of the 13 placebo-treated dogs at necropsy. Milbemycin oxime had 97.8% efficacy against A caninum. Results also indicated that milbemycin oxime may be effective against Trichuris vulpis, but not against Dipylidium caninum.

authors
author list (cited authors)
WADE, C. G., MERCER, S. H., HEPLER, D. I., & CRAIG, T. M.
publication date
1991
keywords
  • Feces
  • Parasite Egg Count
  • Anthelmintics
  • Ancylostomiasis
  • Dogs
  • Macrolides
  • Male
  • Dog Diseases
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Animals
citation count

7