Dose range finding study for the efficacy of meloxicam administered prior to sodium urate-induced synovitis in cats. | Academic Article individual record
abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the lowest efficacious dose of oral meloxicam for relieving pain in cats with a sodium urate (SU)-induced acute inflammatory synovitis. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, controlled, and four-way crossover study. ANIMALS: Eight surgically neutered cats (four males, four females) paired according to sex. METHODS: Each pair of cats was treated with 0 (placebo), 0.025, 0.05, or 0.075 mg kg(-1) oral meloxicam once daily for 4 days prior to injection, into alternating stifles, of 1 mL of 20 mg mL(-1) SU crystals, beginning with the right stifle. Each cat received each of the four treatments, separated by at least 21 days. Analgesic efficacy was evaluated based on objective (e.g., pressure mat data total force, contact pressure, and contact area) and subjective (e.g., scores for Analgesia Scale [AS], Lameness Scale [LS], and Visual Analog Scale [VAS]) outcome measures for pain assessment. All outcome measures were recorded before and during 30 hours after SU injection. The pre-defined primary outcome measure was the area under the response-time curve (AUC(0-30) hours) of the total force of the injected limb. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance. A sequential test procedure was applied and the test sequence stopped in case of a nonsignificant result. RESULTS: Meloxicam at doses of 0.05 and 0.075 mg kg(-1) day(-1) PO was significantly different from placebo for the pre-defined primary outcome measure (i.e., AUC(0-30) hours of total force). All tested meloxicam doses were lower than placebo for the subjective outcome measures (i.e., AUC(0-30) hours of AS, LS, and VAS). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The lowest efficacious dose of meloxicam for relieving pain in cats with an SU-induced synovitis was 0.05 mg kg(-1) day(-1) PO according to the pre-defined primary outcome measure. However, lower doses may also be effective as seen in the subjective outcome measures.

publication outlet

Vet Anaesth Analg

author list (cited authors)
Carroll, G. L., Narbe, R., Kerwin, S. C., Taylor, L., Peterson, K., & Hartsfield, S. M
publication date
2011
publisher
Elsevier bv Publisher
keywords
  • Male
  • Cats
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Thiazoles
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Uric Acid
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Thiazines
  • Pain Measurement
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Meloxicam
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Synovitis
  • Animals
  • Pain
citation count

15

PubMed ID
21672128
identifier
149259SE
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
start page
394
end page
406
volume
38
issue
4