EFFECTS OF PREGNANCY, OXYTOCIN, OVINE TROPHOBLAST PROTEIN-1 AND THEIR INTERACTIONS ON ENDOMETRIAL PRODUCTION OF PROSTAGLANDIN-F2-ALPHA INVITRO IN PERIFUSION CHAMBERS | Academic Article individual record
abstract

Pregnancy and intrauterine infusion of ovine trophoblast protein one (oTP-1) decrease oxytocin-induced secretion of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF) from the uterus. In the present study, effects of oTP-1 and pregnancy on endometrial secretion of PGF were examined in an in vitro perifusion system. In Experiment 1, endometrium from day 14 pregnant and cyclic ewes was perifused sequentially on both the lumenal and myometrial sides with Krebs Ringers Bicorbonate solution (KRB), KRB plus oxytocin (1 IU/ml) and KRB alone. Endometrium from pregnant ewes secreted more PGF from both lumenal and myometrial sides than endometrium from cyclic ewes (P less than 0.05). Oxytocin stimulated secretion of PGF from both sides of endometrium regardless of status. Secretion of PGF was greater from the lumenal surface of endometrium compared to myometrium (P less than 0.05) for pregnant and cyclic ewes. For Experiment 2, endometrium was collected from day 15 cyclic ewes and perifused sequentially with KRB, KRB plus 300 ng/ml of either Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) or oTP-1, KRB with or without BSA or oTP-1 plus oxytocin (1 IU/ml) and then KRB alone. Oxytocin stimulated greater release of PGF from oTP-1-treated than BSA-treated endometrium. Pretreatment of endometrium with oTP-1 had the same effect on oxytocin-induced PGF secretion as cotreatment with oTP-1 and oxytocin. In Experiment 3, uterine horns of cyclic ewes were catheterized on day 10 of the estrous cycle, and infused with either oTP-1 or day 16 pregnant sheep serum proteins on days 12, 13 and 14. Endometrium was collected on day 15 and perifused sequentially with KRB, KRB plus oxytocin (1 IU/ml) and then KRB alone. Treatment of ewes with oTP-1 attenuated endometrial secretion of PGF in response to oxytocin. Results of this study indicate that: (1) pregnancy stimulates basal secretion of PGF from endometrium and has no effect on oxytocin-induced secretion of PGF in vitro; (2) short-term oTP-1 treatment enhances oxytocin-induced PGF secretion from day 15 cyclic endometrium and (3) long-term oTP-1 treatment in vivo inhibits oxytocin-induced PGF secretion in ewes.

authors
author list (cited authors)
VALLET, J. L., GROSS, T. S., FLISS, M., & BAZER, F. W.
publication date
1989
published in
keywords
  • Female
  • Oxytocin
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Proteins
  • Dinoprost
  • Animals
  • Sheep
  • Perfusion
  • Interferon Type I
  • Luteolytic Agents
  • Pregnancy, Animal
  • Endometrium
citation count

21