Celastrol suppresses angiogenesis-mediated tumor growth through inhibition of AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin pathway | Academic Article individual record

Understanding the molecular basis and target of traditional medicine is critical for drug development. Celastrol, derived from Trypterygium wilfordii Hook F. (\"Thunder of God Vine\"), a traditional Chinese medicine plant, has been assigned anticancer activities, but its mechanism is not well understood. Here, we investigated whether Celastrol could inhibit angiogenesis-mediated tumor growth and, if so, through what mechanism. When given s.c. to mice bearing human prostate cancer (PC-3 cell) xenografts, Celastrol (2 mg/kg/d) significantly reduced the volume and the weight of solid tumors and decreased tumor angiogenesis. We found that this agent inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced proliferation, migration, invasion, and capillary-like structure formation by primary cultured human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, Celastrol abrogated VEGF-induced sprouting of the vessels from aortic rings and inhibited vascular formation in the Matrigel plug assay in vivo. To understand the molecular mechanism of these activities, we next examined the signaling pathways in treated HUVECs and PC-3 tumor cells. Celastrol suppressed the VEGF-induced activation of AKT, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and ribosomal protein S6 kinase (P70S6K). Additionally, we found that Celastrol inhibited the proliferation of prostate cancer cells and induced apoptosis, and these effects correlated with the extent of inhibition of AKT/mTOR/P70S6K signaling. Taken together, our results suggest that Celastrol targets the AKT/mTOR/P70S6K pathway, which leads to suppression of tumor growth and angi ogenesis. ©2010 AACR.

author list (cited authors)
Pang, X., Yi, Z., Zhang, J., Lu, B., Sung, B., Qu, W., Aggarwal, B. B., & Liu, M.
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  • Mice, Nude
  • Animals
  • Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms
  • Male
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins C-akt
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Apoptosis
  • Triterpenes
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Cell Growth Processes
  • Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa
  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Chemotaxis
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides And Proteins
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