Gene network and familial analyses uncover a gene network involving Tbx5/Osr1/Pcsk6 interaction in the second heart field for atrial septation | Academic Article individual record

© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are a common human congenital heart disease (CHD) that can be induced by genetic abnormalities. Our previous studies have demonstrated a genetic interaction between Tbx5 and Osr1 in the second heart field (SHF) for atrial septation. We hypothesized that Osr1 and Tbx5 share a common signaling networking and downstream targets for atrial septation. To identify this molecular networks, we acquired the RNA-Seq transcriptome data from the posterior SHF of wild-type, Tbx5+/-, Osr1+/-, Osr1-/-and Tbx5+/-/Osr1+/-mutant embryos. Gene set analysis was used to identify the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways that were affected by the doses of Tbx5 and Osr1. A gene network module involving Tbx5 and Osr1 was identified using a non-parametric distance metric, distance correlation. A subset of 10 core genes and gene-gene interactions in the network module were validated by gene expression alterations in posterior second heart field (pSHF) of Tbx5 and Osr1 transgenic mouse embryos, a time-course gene expression change during P19CL6 cell differentiation. Pcsk6 was one of the network module genes that were linked to Tbx5. We validated the direct regulation of Tbx5 on Pcsk6 using immunohistochemical staining of pSHF, ChIP-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and luciferase reporter assay. Importantly, we identified Pcsk6 as a novel gene associated with ASD via a human genotyping study of an ASD family. In summary, our study implicated a gene network involving Tbx5, Osr1 and Pcsk6 interaction in SHF for atrial septation, providing a molecular framework for understanding the role of Tbx5 in CHD ontogeny.

author list (cited authors)
Zhang, K. K., Xiang, M., Zhou, L., Liu, J., Curry, N., Heine Suñer, D., ... Xie, L.
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  • Gene Regulatory Networks
  • Pedigree
  • Signal Transduction
  • Serine Endopeptidases
  • Animals
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proprotein Convertases
  • Humans
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial
  • Heart Defects, Congenital
  • T-Box Domain Proteins
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Mice
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