To identify proteins expressed in Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 during exponential growth in defined medium, we separated soluble proteins of E. coli over two dimensions of native-state high-performance liquid chromatography, and examined the components of the protein mixtures in each of 380 fractions by peptide mass fingerprinting. To date, we have identified the products of 310 genes covering a wide range of cellular functions. Validation of protein assignments was made by comparing the assignments of proteins to specific first-dimension fractions to proteins visualized by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Co-fractionation of proteins suggests the possible identities of components of multiprotein complexes. This approach yields high-throughput gel-independent identification of proteins. It can also be used to assign identities to spots visualized by two-dimensional gels, and should be useful to evaluate differences in expressed proteome content and protein complexes among strains or between different physiological states.
- Chromatography, High Pressure LiquidElectrophoresis, Gel, Two-DimensionalEscherichia ColiEscherichia Coli ProteinsOligonucleotide Array Sequence AnalysisPeptide MappingProteomeSpectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization