© 2015 IMACS. Highly dispersive surface waves resulting from the combination of strong lateral seafloor heterogeneities, shallow water depths and hard sea bottom severely degrade seismic reflection data quality. Considering that seismic signals are nonstationary and surface waves have various spectra over time, we proposed S-Transform-based time frequency wavenumber analysis technique which allows the dynamic analysis of spectrum over time. The data is first transformed from the time-space domain to the time-wavenumber domain through one-dimensional Fourier transform over the spatial variable, then the variable-factor S-Transform is applied over time. Nonstationary filtering is then designed to identify and separate surface waves in complex wavefields, based on its low frequency and low velocity properties, in the time-frequency-wavenumber (TFK) domain. Application to field data illustrates that with this technique, not only is the surface wave effectively suppressed, but also the reflective signals are enhanced, which confirm the validity of the method.
- Signal Enhancement
- Scholte Waves