Rearrest rates after incarceration for DWI: a comparative study in a southwestern US county. | Academic Article individual record

OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to assess a 28-day detention and treatment program's effect, in a multiethnic county with high rates of alcohol-related arrests and crashes, on first-time offenders sentenced for driving while impaired (DWI). METHODS: We used comparison of baseline characteristics, survival curves of subsequent arrest, and Cox proportional hazards regression to examine probability of rearrest of those sentenced and those not sentenced to the program. RESULTS: Probability of not being rearrested was significantly higher for the treatment group after adjustment for covariates. At 5 years, probability of not being rearrested for the treatment vs the nontreatment group was 76.6% vs 59.9%. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that this county's program has significantly affected rearrest rates for Native Americans, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Whites.

author list (cited authors)
Kunitz, S. J., Woodall, W. G., Zhao, H., Wheeler, D. R., Lillis, R., & Rogers, E.
publication date
  • New Mexico
  • Recurrence
  • Government Programs
  • Prisons
  • Alcoholic Intoxication
  • Humans
  • Prisoners
  • Male
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Accidents, Traffic
  • Indians, North American
  • Automobile Driving
  • Case Management
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Outcome And Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Law Enforcement
  • Adult
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