Evaluation of F-1 cows sired by Brahman, Boran, and Tuli bulls for reproductive, maternal, and cow longevity traits
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This study evaluated reproductive, maternal performance, and longevity traits of 143 F1 cows sired by Brahman (Br), Boran (Bo), or Tuli (T) bulls from Angus or Hereford cows from 1994 to 2011. Cow traits were measured at 7 yr of age in 1999 and 2000 for 1992- and 1993-born cows, respectively. From 2004 to 2010, excluding 2008, incisor condition (solid, broken, smooth) scores were assigned to cows remaining in production; scores were evaluated with two models. Broken and solid mouths were each assigned a score of "1" and smooth assigned "0"; Br-sired (0.76) and Bo-sired cows (0.71) had higher scores (P < 0.05) than T-sired cows (0.54). When solid mouths were scored 1 and smooth and broken scored 0, Br-sired cows (0.34) were higher than T-sired (0.01) (P < 0.05), and Bo-sired (0.23) cows were not different from either (P > 0.05). Age level of the cow within birth year was important for all modeled calf traits (P < 0.05). Birth weights were not different among cow inheritance (P > 0.05). Cow type influenced (P < 0.05) 205-d adjusted weaning weight of calves; Br-sired dams (228.1 ± 2.37 kg) produced the greatest weaning weight, followed by Bo-sired (213.7 ± 3.10 kg), and T-sired (201.6 ± 2.69 kg) dams (P < 0.05). Adjusted means for calving rate for Bo-sired (0.92 ± 0.02) cows were higher (P < 0.05) than Br-sired (0.86 ± 0.02) and T-sired (0.86 ± 0.02) cows. Adjusted mean weaning rate was greater (P < 0.05) for Bo-sired cows (0.86 ± 0.02) than for cows sired by Br (0.77 ± 0.02) bulls, but weaning rate for T-sired cows (0.80 ± 0.02) were similar (P > 0.05). Cow weight was greater (P < 0.05) for Br-sired cows (590.5 ± 8.35 kg) than for Bo-sired (505.8 ± 10.46 kg) or T-sired cows (508.5 ± 9.37 kg). BCS at weaning for 7-yr-old cows was similar (P = 0.08) for Br-sired and Bo-sired cows and lower for T-sired cows (P = 0.0005, condition scores 6.0, 6.3, and 5.8, respectively). Boran-sired cows were older when they were removed from the herd, on average (12.7 ± 0.74 y, P = 0.03) than T-sired (10.6 ± 0.61 y); Br-sired cow persistence was intermediate and not different (11.05 ± 0.60 y, P > 0.06) from the others. Boran-sired cows had higher calving and weaning rates and better mouth scores than the other groups; consequently, they had greater longevity as well. Boran-sired and T-sired cows were moderate in size and weighed less than Br-sired cows throughout the study. Tuli-sired cows weaned the lightest calves and had the most tooth deterioration as they aged.
author list (cited authors)
Muntean, C. T., Herring, A. D., Riley, D. G., Gill, C. A., Sawyer, J. E., & Sanders, J. O.
BoranBos IndicusBrahmanLongevityMaternal TraitsReproductive TraitsTuli